Have a look at these collocations!

Have a look at the idioms and their meanings!

Pautas de aprobacion de la materia

Let's have a look at the requirements to pass the subject! [+]

I'm glad you're here!

Let's learn and have fun! [+]



Take a look at these two sentences. What is the difference in meaning between them?

'I cut my hair.'
'I have my hair cut.'

'I cut my hair' means that I do it myself.
'I have my hair cut means someone cuts my hair for me (in this case it's probably a hairdresser).

We use have something done to mean another person does a service for us.

The grammar for this is pretty simple:

Have + object + past participle

Let's take a look at a few more examples:

'We didn't want to cook so we had a pizza delivered.'
'I had my car washed at that new place by the station.'
'I had my watch fixed.'

We can also use 'get' instead of 'had' and the meaning stays the same. The sentences above now become:

'We didn't want to cook so we got a pizza delivered.'
'I got my car washed at that new place by the station.'
'I got my watch fixed.'


'I had my watch fixed' tells us about the past.
'I am going to have / get my watch fixed' tells us about the future.

 'Going to' tells us about a future plan that has already been made.

We use 'will' for  something that has just been decided:

I've just noticed how dirty my suit is. I will have / get it cleaned soon.'


Imagine that you like your friend's new haircut; you could ask her:

'Where did you have / get your hair cut?'

Maybe you have just moved to a new town and you decided that it is time for a haircut ;you can ask:

'Where can I have / get my hair cut?'

You want to know if your friend's car has been fixed yet; you can ask:

'Did you have your car fixed?'

services for a busy world

As we all live in a busy world, we don't have the time (or skills)to do all the things that we need to. That's why we have a service industry that will help us get what need done.

Take a look at these examples:

A jeweller's is a place where you can have your watch fixed.
A dry cleaner's is a place where you can have your suit cleaned.
A florist's is a place where you can have flowers delivered.
A hairdresser's is a place where you can have your hair cut.
A dentist's is a place where you can have your teeth checked.
An optician's is a place where you can have your eyes checked.
A garage is a place where you can have your car repaired.

using have something done for bad things

In all the examples above we have looked at services we can pay for if we want. We can also use the same expression when someone does something bad to us. For example:

'Jenny had her car stolen.' Here Jenny did not want someone to steal her car, but someone did it.
'Have you ever had your nose broken in a fight?' Nobody wants to have their nose broken, but it could happen!










Wish and If only

Wish and ‘If only’ are both used to talk about regrets – things that we would like to change either about the past or the present.

Talking about the present

  • If only I didn’t have so much homework I could go to the concert tonight. She has a lot of homework and she can’t go to the concert.
  • I wish you didn’t live so far away.
  • I wish I knew what to do.

When we talk about present regrets, both wish and if only are followed by the past simple tense. The past tense emphasises that we are talking about something ‘unreal’.

Talking about the past

  • I wish I’d studied harder when I was at school. He didn’t study harder when he was at school.
  • I wish I hadn’t eaten all that chocolate. I feel sick.
  • If only I’d known you were coming.

Both wish and if only are followed by the past perfect tense when we talk about past regrets.

Wish/if only and would

We use wish + would to talk about something in the present that we would like to change – usually something that we find annoying.

  • I wish you wouldn’t borrow my clothes without asking.
  • I wish it would rain. The garden really needs some water.
  • I wish you’d give up smoking. it’s really bad for you.

NB We can only use wish + would to talk about things we can’t change.

So I wish I wouldn’t eat so much chocolate is not possible although we can say I wish I didn’t eat so much chocolate









Unit 4: Vocabulary: Jobs
Complete the words with the missing words.

1. _______________ had three days to put all the wires and electrical sockets into the new building.

2. The manager asked the ___________ to suggest ways of saving money.

3. A _____________ made our new kitchen cupboards because we didn't like the ones we saw in the shops.

4. The _____________ has done a wonderful job of cutting and shaping the trees.

5. The new _______ _________ attracted a lot of customers by lowering the prices she charged for manicures.

6. The toilets flooded again at school so the __________ had to come and fix them.

7. The ________ ___________ spent hours getting ready for the concert on Saturday night.

8. My parents asked a __________ friend of ours to make a wooden table and chairs for our garden.

9. __________ _________ are specially trained to calm people down if they are afraid of flying.

10. Penny is an amazing _______ _________. I think it helps that she really loves animals.


Vocabulary:Film jobs
Choose the best answers.

1. [Stunt doubles / Producers] are used a lot in adventure films so the actors don't risk getting hurt.

2. It is the job of the film [editor / producer] to choose which scenes are included in the final film.

3. [Caterers / Dialogue coaches] fed the film crew and actors because there were so many of them.

4.Members of the crowd were all [make-up artists / extras] in the film.

5. The film [stunt double / director] gave everyone instructions on set.

6. The [cinematographer / extra] called the camera and lighting crews together to tell them his plan.

7. As he was an English actor playing the part of an American, he had to work closely with a [stunt double / dialogue coach].

8. Alex, the [dialogue coach / gaffer], helped the main character with his accent and speech.

9. The [costume designer / editor] spent three months researching the clothes people used to wear in the 1800s.

10. The [cinematographer / best boy] on a film is sometimes known as the director of photography, or DOP.



Grammar: Defining and non-defining relative clauses
Choose the correct answers.

  1. I can't remember the name of the café [that / where] we first met.
  2. Peter Fleming, [who / whose] brother wrote the James Bond stories, was famous as an adventurer and explorer.
  3. Could the person [whose / who his] car is blocking the main entrance please move it?
  4.  Can you remember the name of the actor [which / who] played the main role in that film?
  5. The house, [which / that] was in a terrible state, was supposed to be haunted.
  6. There is a problem with my laptop [which / where] makes it get stuck sometimes.
  7. The student [whose / who her] essay got the highest marks was asked to read it out to the class.
  8.  I'm training to be an electrician, [that / which] is difficult but very interesting.
  9. My aunt, [who / which] has a serious illness, doesn't go out very often.
  10. We're visiting New England, [whose / where] my parents were both born.

Correct the underlined mistakes. Leave out the relative pronoun where possible.

  1. My friends don't really like the films where I watch.
  2. My house, that it was the first one to be built, is at the end of the street.
  3. My cousin is a director that works on documentary films.
  4. I prefer living in the city, that you can always find something to do.
  5. In the next village, which accommodation is a lot cheaper, people rely on the local bus to get into town.
  6. Will works for a company that it makes parts for computers.
  7. The main character, who he was played by Robert Pattinson, was called Edward Cullen.
  8. The film who we saw on Friday was the best I've seen.
  9. People are always commenting on the clothes where I wear. They usually say nice things but not always!
  10. I wanted to learn Greek but my friends persuaded me to learn Italian, that is much easier.




-Present simple

 -Present continuous

-State verbs

 -Past simple

 -Past continuous

 -Past perfect

-Present perfect simple

 -Present perfect continuous

-Past perfect simple VS past perfect continuous

-Passive voice

-Reported speech


-Extreme sports

-Achivements and challenges collocations

-Idioms (unit1)

-Digital devices (expressions and phrasal verbs)

-Negative prefixes

-Natural disasters

-sounds and noises


Conditionals type 0









Conditinoals type 1









Conditionals type 2









Conditionals type 3









Conditinoals type 0,1,2 and 3










Look at the pictures and read the definitions of the following extreme sports!


Grammar point 1: Futures review
Choose the correct answers.

  1. 'It's cold.' 'I'll [close / closing] the window.'
  2. [Are you going / You are going] to Brazil again next year?
  3. It's raining so they [likely / probably] won't play the match today.
  4. My grandma is not sure she [is going / will be] able to visit us this summer.
  5. Our team [is playing / will play] a match at 10 o'clock this Sunday. Don't miss it!
  6. I won't be late tomorrow. I promise [I'll go / I'm going] to bed early tonight.
  7. Her leg is broken, I'm afraid. She won't [be able to / can] walk for a few weeks.
  8. The bus [leaves / leaving] for London at eight o'clock in the morning.
  9. Are you [likely / probable] to want anything to eat when you come home?
  10. [It will probably / Probably it will] rain later, so take an umbrella with you.


Grammar point 1: Futures review
Complete the sentences with the correct future form of the verbs in brackets. Use short forms where possible. More than one answer is sometimes possible.

  1. Are ______________________________ this phone number or do you want to write it down? (you / likely / remember)
  2. Your teacher ______________________________ you a good grade for that essay. (likely / give)
  3. ______________________________ out on Friday. I want to make sure I get a copy. (that magazine / come)
  4. ______________________________ the Eiffel Tower when we go to Paris. (we / definitely / visit)
  5. 'Someone's hurt! Help! Quick!' '______________________________ an ambulance.' (I / call)
  6. Dad ______________________________ angry about the damage to the car, but you still have to tell him. (definitely / be)
  7. Hurry up! The plane ______________________________ in 40 minutes! (take off)
  8. Do you think ______________________________ people to Mars in your lifetime? (they / likely / send)
  9. ______________________________ at six o'clock tomorrow, not ten past. Don't be late. (the class / start)
  10. ______________________________ late for your guitar lesson if you don't leave now. (you / be)


Grammar point 2: Future continuous and future perfect.
Choose the correct answers.

  1. Christina will have [finishing / finished] studying by this time next year.
  2. We'll [be / have] finished the project by lunchtime.
  3. Do you think we'll [have had / be having] holidays on the Moon in 20 years' time?
  4. How many tourists do you think will have [travelled / travelling] to your country by the end of this year?
  5. I can't have a guitar lesson then. I'll [have had / be having] an English lesson.
  6. Will you [be completely finishing / have completely finished] if I come to your house at seven?
  7. Where [you'll / will you] be staying when you go to Italy?
  8. [We'll be / We'll have] travelling to Argentina this time next week.
  9. Will you have [cut / cutting] the grass by the weekend?
  10. Don't worry. The bad weather will have [ending / ended] by the time we get there.


Grammar point 2: Future continuous and future perfect
Complete the sentences with the correct future continuous or the future perfect form of
the verbs in brackets. Use short forms where possible. More than one answer is sometimes possible.

  1. The party ______________________________ by the time you get there. (finish)
  2. Three o'clock? That's impossible! ______________________________ write the poem by then! (I / not / be able to)
  3. The sun will ______________________________ down soon. (go)
  4. I love going home after the cleaner's been. The house ______________________________ from top to bottom! (be cleaned)
  5. ______________________________ anywhere at the weekend? Have you made any plans? (you / go)
  6. By the time you move to this area, the new shopping centre ______________________________. (be completed)
  7. Shall I come back in an hour? ______________________________ time to look at my ideas? (you / have)
  8. In the year 2050, do you think people will still ______________________________ at home? (cook)
  9. I won't ______________________________ by five. I need more time! (finish)
  10. Call me anytime before midnight. ______________________________. (I / not / sleep)



Present Perfect Simple Past Simple
Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present:
  • I've known Julie for ten years (and I still know her).
Finished actions:
  • knew Julie for ten years (but then she moved away and we lost touch).
A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience):
  • My brother has been to Mexico three times.
A finished action in someone's life (when the person is dead):
  • My great-grandmother went to Mexico three times.
A finished action with a result in the present:
  • I've lost my keys! (The result is that I can't get into my house now).
A finished action with no result in the present:
  • lost my keys yesterday. It was terrible! (Now there is no result. I got new keys yesterday).
With an unfinished time word (this week, this month, today):
  • I've seen John this week.
With a finished time word (last week, last month, yesterday):
  • saw John last week.



  1. We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present.
  2. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present or a present consequence.
  3. We CAN'T use the present perfect with SPECIFIC TIME REFERENCE (Ex: last week, on Monday, in April, in 1997) 
    • We can't say: I've been to the museum yesterday. The right option is: I went to the museum yesterday.







Here you've got some exercises with the key for self-correction! Let's practise!