Adjectives: comparatives and superlatives explanation

When we want to compare two or more things, we can use the compartive and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs.

* We use the comparative to compare things or people that are different and separate from each other:

                         The blue book is bigger then the red ones.

* We use the superlative to compare one member of a group with the whole group:

                          This book is the biggest one on the shelf.

one-syllable adjective

  • With most one-syllable adjectives,add -er, -est.

                 black, blacker, blackest - young, younger, youngest.

  • if the adjective ends in -e, add -er, -st. 

                 late, later, latest - brave, braver, bravest.

  • If the adjective has one vowel followed by one consonant, double the final consonat, then add -er, -est.

                  big, bigger, biggest - thin, thinner, thinnest.

two-syllable adjectives

  • if the adjective end in -y, replace the -y with -ier, -iest.

                   happy, happier, happiest - lovely, lovelier, loveliest

  • otherwise, use more and the most (or less and the least)

                  boring, more boring, the most boring.

With some two-syllable adjectives, there is a choice: clever- cleverer - cleverest or more clever - the most clever. We usually use the forms with more and most.

three or more syllable adjectives

  • use more and the most (or less and the least)

                interesting - more interesting - the most interesting.

  • if the adjective is formed from two-syllable ending in -y, then use either more - the most or -ier - -iest

              unhappy - more unhappy - the most unhappy or unhappy - unhappier - unhappiest.



Fecha: 23/6/2017 | Creado por: Myriam Lilian