Tomás T.

Past tenses:


Past simple:

It is used to talk about a story in chronological order.

Ex: “he went to his house”

Also, it can be used to talk about past habits if used with the correct words.

Ex: “he liked to eat ice cream”


Past continuous:

It is used for actions in progress in the past or actions that dured a time.

Ex: “I was listening to music”


Past perfect simple:

It is used for actions done before another action already mentioned.

Ex: when he opened the door, she had already left


Past perfect continuous:

It is used for actions that had already started before the main action or about actions that had been done repeatedly in the past.

Ex: “I had been waiting for him for over an hour when he came.”

Ex: “I had been taking my dog out for a walk every day until…”


“use to” verbs:


“used to” plus infinitive:

It is used for actions repeatedly done in the past or for states that were true before but not anymore.

Ex: “I used to eat vegetables”

Ex: “ I used to be sick”


Be used to:

Be accustomed to something

Ex: “im used to going out on Saturdays”


Get used to:

Get accustomed to something

Ex: “im getting used to getting up early”


Position of adverbs:

Initial postion:

At the beginning of a phrase


“Sometimes I like to watch tv”


Mid position:

Before the main verb

Ex: “I always eat healthy”


Final position:

At the end of a phrase

Ex: “I am late”


Types of adverbs:


Adverbs of frequency:

they often go in  mid position but they can sometimes go in initial position

ex: “ I always eat healthy”

ex: “ sometimes I feel sick”


indirect questions:

 in indirect questions the subject goes before the verb and for yes or no question ns we use whether and if.

Ex: ¿could you tell me what that is?

Ex: do you know if she is here?


Gerunds/to infinitive:

We use it to express purpose, after too or enough with an adjective, after some adjectives, after it + be + adjective + of/ to + noun/pronoun, After it +be + noun (with certain nouns), After certain nouns, After adjectives to express particular preference, After would like, would love, would hate, would prefer, After certain verbs such as afford or agree and In certain expressions like “to be honest”.

Ing verb:

As a noun, After prepositions, in expressions like it´s no use, have trouble, etc., After spending / wasting something, after verbs like notice to express an incomplete or in progress action, After verbs like prefer to express general preference, After certain verbs, such as admit, avoid, etc.


Infinitive without to


After modal verbs (can, could, etc), After make/let + object, ⇒After had better/would rather/would sooner, after verbs like notice to express a short or complete action.


Verbs that take gerund or infinitive with and change the meaning


Forget – remember – try – stop – need -



Fecha: 13/6/2018 | Creado por: Tomas
Categoria: BHKP