Sebastian W

Summary of Unit 2

Past simple: past events in chronological order

Past continuous: actions that remains longer in the past and are interrumpted by an other action

Past continuous: the beginning of a story

(They were swimming in the pool like always and suddenly…)

Past perfect simple: actions that happened before the main verb

Past perfect simple: to say how many/much/long

Past perfect continuous: long actions in the past

Used to + infinitive: actions in the past that happened more than one time

Used to + infinitive: moments/states that were true but are not longer true

Be used to: being used to something or doing something is that now you are accostumated to something

Get used to: you begin to get accostumated to it

Adverbs of frequency:

Initial position: the sentence start with the adverb

Final position: the sentence finish with the adverb

Middle position: before the main verb/after the verb to be

We use indirect questions to be more polite. The question starts with “Do you know?” “Could you teel me?”

In indirect questions the order is subject + verb.

Do you know where I can drink a nice coffee? (NOT …where can I drink as direct questions)

If it’s a yes or no question and there isn’t a question word, we can use if or whether

I was wondering if you could tell me…

I’d like to know whether

Gerunds/ to infinitive:

⇒ To tell the reason of the action:

I went to the cinema to watch the new Tim Burton’s film

⇒ After too/enough with adjective:

You are strong enough to win the fight

⇒ After adjectives like glad, sad, happy, angry, sorry

I’m glad to know you passed the test.

⇒ After it + be + adjective

● It’s nice to think that he is the best tennis player of the world

⇒ After it + be + noun (only with some nouns)

● It’s such a dream for me to play in the Real Madrid FC with Cristiano Ronaldo

⇒ After nouns like opportunity, advice, decision

● I followed your advice to become an electrician

⇒ After like, love, hate, prefer to express particular preference.

● I hate to draw, I’m the worst in my class

⇒ After would like, would love, would hate, would prefer

● I’d prefer to be in another basket team

⇒ In some expressions like to be honest, to tell you the truth

● To be honest, I didn’t want to go to the conference.

⇒ After certain verbs such as afford, agree, appear, arrange, choose, decide pretend, promise, refuse

● We refuse to give you that permission

We use -ing verb

⇒ As a noun (subject)

● Stealing is considered to be incorrect

⇒ After prepositions

● I’m lucky for winning the competition

⇒ In the expressions: there’s no point (in), in addition to, have trouble, have a hard/difficult time

● There’s no point in studying. We’re going to fail the test anyway

⇒ After spend/waste + time/money

● I would like to spend the money in buying a new car

⇒ After hear, listen, notice, see, watch, to express a part of the action

● I saw them fighting (I didn’t see the action complete. It wasn’t a long fight)

BUT hear, watch, notice, see + infinitive WITHOUT to to express a short or complete

action:

● I saw them fight (I saw the whole action. It was probably a short fight.)

⇒ After like, love, hate, prefer to express general preference.

● I like painting

⇒ After certain verbs, such as admit, avoid, deny, enjoy, finish

● He admited stealing the money

We use infinitive (without to)

⇒ After modals (can, could, must, might, should)

● He must arrived home at this time

⇒ After make or let + object

● I can’t believe my parents don’t let me go to the cinema with my friends

BUT in the passive voice we say be made + to infinitive

● Robots are made to help their owners

⇒After had better/would rather/would sooner

● You’d sooner give me the money you owe me

Verbs that take gerund or infinitive with a change of meaning

(Example: forget to buy/ forget buying)

Forget

Forget to do something: To talk about things that we need to do, and we forget to

do them.

Forget doing something: To talk about things that we forgot we’ve done them or things that we will never forget we’ve done them

Remember

Remember to do something: To talk about things we remember we need to do.

Remember doing something: To talk about things that we remember we’ve doing them 

Try

Try to do something: When we try to do something 

Try doing something: When we want to achieve something and try something to see if it help us achieve what we want. We try a method in order to achieve something.

Stop

Stop to do something: When we stop an activity in order to start another one

Stop doing something: To finish doing something that we are doing at this moment

Need

Need to do something: It’s necessary to do something

Something needs doing: It means that something needs to be done

Fecha: 12/6/2018 | Creado por: Sebastian
Categoria: BHKP
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