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SUMMARY

PAST SIMPLE

We use to talk about past events in chronological order.

It`s also used to talk about past habits.

PAST CONTINUOUS

We use the past continuous to set the scene in a story.

We use it for actions in progress in the past.

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

We use it to talk about an earlier past event: something that happened before the main action.

We use it to talk about earlier events and experiences, or single actions completed earlier in the past.

With stative verbs to talk about states or situations that had started earlier in the past.

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

We use to talk about actions which are longer are started in the past.

We use it to talk about repeat actions from earlier in the past.

USED TO + INFINITIVE

We can use it to talk about things we did many times in the past.

We can also talk about stative verbs, which were true in the past.

BE USED TO

We use it when you are accustomed to do something.

GET USED TO

We use it when you become accustomed to something.

Used to + infinitive, be/get used to + ING.

Initial position

Final position

Mid position

At the beginning of the sentence

At the end of the sentence

Before the main verb

Sometimes I feel a bit lost

She arrived very late

They don’t always answer the phone

 

 

 

 

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY

Adverbs of frequency usually go in mid position, although a few of them (sometimes, usually and normally) can also go in initial position.

In the mid position for example: “you should always knock at the door.”

And in the initial position it’s like: “Sometimes he can be very stubborn.”

INDIRECT QUESTIONS

We use it when we want to be more polite.

We begin the

Question with expressions such as Can you tell me …? Could you tell me …? Do you know? Would you mind telling me?

GERUNDS/ TO INFINITIVE

To- Infinitive

We use it to express purpose.

We use it after certain adjectives: (happy, glad, sorry, delighted, anxious, etc.), certain nouns: (advice, decision, dream, opportunity, etc.). And certain expressions: (to be honest, to tell you the truth, to begin with, etc.).

ING- Verb

We use it as a noun (subject).

After some verbs we use different expressions:

Hear, listen, notice, see, watch to express an incomplete action, or action in progress:

BUT hear, listen, notice, see + infinitive WITHOUT-to to express a short or complete action:

Like, love, hate, prefer to express general preference.

Bare Infinitive (Without to)

After modal verbs we use (can, could, must, might, should, will would).

In the passive voice we say be made +to-infinitive.

We use hear, listen, notice, and see to express a short or complete action.

Then there are some verbs that take gerund or infinitive with a change of meaning:

  • Forget
  • Remember
  • Try
  • Stop
  • Need

 

Fecha: 9/6/2018 | Creado por: Ignacio
Categoria: BHKP
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