Jade A.

Grammar Summary Unit 2

PAST SIMPLE

  • Talk about past events in chronological order.
  • Talk about past habits or past states.

PAST CONTINUOUS

  • To set the scene to a story.
  • For actions in progress in the past or longer actions interrupted by shorter actions in past simple.

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE:

  • To talk about an earlier past, events which happened before the main event.
  • Talk about earlier experiences or single actions completed earlier in the past.
  • How much or how many we had done in the past.
  • Used with stative verbs to talk about states and situations that had started earlier in the past.

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS:

  • Talk about longer continuous actions that started earlier in the past.
  • To talk about repeated actions.

USED TO + INFINITIVE:

  • Things that we did repeatedly in the past.
  • Talk about situations or states which were true in the past, but they are no longer true.
  • Doesnt have a present.

INDIRECT QUESTIONS:

Use it whether you want to be more polite. Could you tell me…? I wonder if you can tell me…? Would you mind telling me…?

  • The orden is subject + verb.
  • For yes/no we use if/whether.

GERUNDS AND TO + INFINITIVE:

TO + INFINITIVE:

  • To express purpose.
  • After certain adjetives (Happy, glad, anxious, etc)
  • After subject + be + noun.
  • After certain nouns.
  • After like, love, hate, dislike, etc, to express a specific case.
  • After would like, would love, would prefer.
  • In certain expressions.
  • After certain verbs.

GERUNDS:

  • As a noun.                                                                            
  • After prepositions.
  • In the expressions: it’s no use, it’s (not) worth, can’t help, there’s no point (in), have difficulty (in), in addition to, have trouble, have a difficult/hard time, etc.
  • After spend and waste.
  • After hear, listen, notice, see, watch to express and incomplete action or an action in progress, but it’s followed by to + infinitive whether the action is complete.
  • After like, love, prefer, hate, etc, to make a general opinion.
  • After certain verbs.
Fecha: 19/6/2018 | Creado por: Jade Judith
Categoria: BHKP
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