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Verbs & Prepositions

Some verbs are usually followed by prepositions before the object of the verb. these are called dependent prepositions and they are followed by a noun or a gerund (‘ing’ form).

  • He’s waiting for a bus.

For is the dependent preposition for ‘wait

We can use other prepositions with ‘wait’ – e.g. He waited at the bus stop – but ‘for’ is the dependent preposition.

Here are some other verbs with their dependent prepositions.

Verbs with ‘for’

  • He apologised for being late. You can also ‘apologise to someone’
  • I applied for the job but I didn’t get it.
  • How do you ask for a coffee in Polish?
  • She spent many years caring for her aged parents.
  • I can’t go out tonight because I have to prepare for my interview tomorrow.

With ‘from’

  • This spray should protect you from mosquitoes.
  • Has he recovered from his illness yet?
  • He won an award because he saved someone from drowning.
  • I suffer from hay fever.

With ‘in’

  • She believes in ghosts.
  • Our company specialises in computer software.
  • You have to work hard if you want to succeed in life.

With ‘of’

  • I don’t approve of your language, young man.
  • Our dog died of old age.
  • This shampoo smells of bananas.

With ‘on’

  • The film is based on the novel by Boris Pasternak.
  • If you make so much noise I can’t concentrate on my work.
  • Come on! We’re relying on you!
  • We don’t agree on anything but we’re good friends.

With ‘to’

  • Can I introduce you to my wife?
  • Please refer to the notes at the end for more information.
  • Nobody responded to my complaint.

With ‘with’

  • I agree with everything you’ve said.
  • My secretary will provide you with more information if you need it.

There are many more verb + dependent preposition combinations – make a note of them as you meet them.

Verbs & Prepositions

Some verbs are usually followed by prepositions before the object of the verb. these are called dependent prepositions and they are followed by a noun or a gerund (‘ing’ form).

  • He’s waiting for a bus.

For is the dependent preposition for ‘wait

We can use other prepositions with ‘wait’ – e.g. He waited at the bus stop – but ‘for’ is the dependent preposition.

Here are some other verbs with their dependent prepositions.

Verbs with ‘for’

  • He apologised for being late. You can also ‘apologise to someone’
  • I applied for the job but I didn’t get it.
  • How do you ask for a coffee in Polish?
  • She spent many years caring for her aged parents.
  • I can’t go out tonight because I have to prepare for my interview tomorrow.

With ‘from’

  • This spray should protect you from mosquitoes.
  • Has he recovered from his illness yet?
  • He won an award because he saved someone from drowning.
  • I suffer from hay fever.

With ‘in’

  • She believes in ghosts.
  • Our company specialises in computer software.
  • You have to work hard if you want to succeed in life.

With ‘of’

  • I don’t approve of your language, young man.
  • Our dog died of old age.
  • This shampoo smells of bananas.

With ‘on’

  • The film is based on the novel by Boris Pasternak.
  • If you make so much noise I can’t concentrate on my work.
  • Come on! We’re relying on you!
  • We don’t agree on anything but we’re good friends.

With ‘to’

  • Can I introduce you to my wife?
  • Please refer to the notes at the end for more information.
  • Nobody responded to my complaint.

With ‘with’

  • I agree with everything you’ve said.
  • My secretary will provide you with more information if you need it.
  • VERB + PREPOSITION + GERUND

    Verbs in this group [V+P+Ger] express opinion or comment on anactivity. The gerund expresses an activity in a general way. That is, it gives no information about who did the activity or the timing of the activity. Its reference is "limited" to the action. (See Nonfinite.)

    In the same way, the verb specifies a particular preposition, which can be followed by a gerund or gerund clause ("gerund phrase"²).Note this is different from a phrasal verb. (See Literal vs. Figurative Meaning.)

    SUBJ + PREDICATE VERBAL COMPLEMENT
    NOUN + VERB PP = PREP + GERUND

    Jack talked

    about leaving.

    about leaving his job.

    Jack objects

    to working.

    to working overtime.

    Jack doesn't care

    for accounting.

    for accounting work.

    Jack puts

    off vacationing.

    off taking a vacation.

    Jack looks forward

    to relaxing.

    to having some relaxation.

There are many more verb + dependent preposition combinations – make a note of them as you meet them.

VERB PREPOSITION
A         
absorb in
account for
add to
adjust to
admit to
agree with
apply for
appeal to
argue with
argue about
arrange for
arrive in / at (büyük mekanlarda in ,küçük mekanlarda at)
apologize for
approve of
ask for
accuse smb of smt
arrest smb for smt
B          
base on
beg for
begin with
benefit from
believe in
belong to
boast about
borrow from
blame smb for smt
blame smt on smb
C          
care for / about
cater for
choose between
comment on
collide with
communicate with
compare with / to
compete with
complain about
compose of
concern about / with
concentrate on
confess to
confuse with
congratulate on
consist of
contribute to
cope with
correspond with
count on
cover with
crash into
charge smb with smt (suçlamak)
charge smb for smt (para tahsil etmek)
convict smb of smt
convince smb of smt
cure smb of smt
D          
decide on / against
dedicate to
depend on
despair of
deter from
differ from
disagree with
disapprove of
discuss with
devote to
dream of / about
dress in
drink to
demand smt from smb
derive smt from smt
discourage smb from smt
distinguish smb/smt from/between smb/smt
distract smb from smt
E          
elaborate on
emerge from
escape from
experiment on
excuse smb for smt
exchange smt for smt
exclude smt from smt
expel smb from smt
explain smt to smb
F          
face with
feel like
feel about
fight against/with/for
forget about
forgive someone for something
G          
guess at
get married to
get rid of
get tired of
grumble about
H          
hear of / about
hide from
hope of / for
help smb with smt
hinder smb/smt from smt
I          
impress on
insist on
insure against
interfere with / in
invest in
involve smb/smt in smb/smt
J      
joke about
K          
know about
L          
laugh at/about
listen to
long for
lend smt to smb
M          
meet with
mistake for
get married to
O          
object to
operate on
P          
participate in
pay for
persist in
pray for
prepare for
prohibit from
praise smb for smt
present smb with smt
prevent smb from smt
provide smb with smt
provide smt for smb
punish smb for smb
Q          
quarrel about smt
quarrel with smb
R          
react against / to
recon on
recover from
refer to
rely on
reply to
resign from
respond to
result in
retire from
room for
remind smb of smt
rob smb of smt
S          
search for
see to
shout at
smile at
specialise in
speak to
stand for
stare at
stem from
subscribe to
substitute for
succeed in
suffer from
save smb from smt
sentence smb to smt
share smt with smb
subject smb to smt
suspect smb of smt
T          
talk to
talk about
think of/about
turn to
tell smb about smt
thank smb for smt
translate smt into smt
trust smb with smt
U          
use for
V          
vote for
W        
wait for
wonder at
work on
worry about
write to / about
warn smb about/agains

Now follow these links to practise:

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/verbs-and-prepositions.html
https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/es/quick-grammar/verbs-prepositionshttp://www.grammar-quizzes.com/gerund2c.html

 

Fuente: Created by Susan Zilberstein
Fecha: 4/10/2018 | Creado por: Susana Beatriz
Categoria: Grammar Time
Etiquetas: Zilberstein, Susan, 2018, 5, Teens, Inglés, Almagro