What is an idiom? An idiom is an expression with the following features: 1. It is fixed and is recognised by native speakers. You cannot make up your own! 2. It uses language in a non-literal - metaphorical - way.
1: Boxing idioms

There are lots of idioms based on boxing. Use each of these nouns to complete the expressions below:

                            towel           bell          belt          ropes          punches

  1. If I take an unfair advantage of you, you could say: That was below the

  2. If I tell you what I think very directly, I won't pull my

  3. If you are in a difficult situation, you can say you are on the

  4. If you are in a difficult situation but you get out of it at the last minute, you can

    say: Saved by the page93image7048 page93image7248 page93image7448 page93image7648 page93image7848 page93image8048 page93image8248!

  5. If you keep trying to do something but don't succeed and decide it's not

    worth continuing, you can throw in the

2: A level playing field

Use the following idiomatic expressions in the situations below:

a. keep moving the goalposts        f. touch base

b. a level playing field         g. neck and neck
c. back the wrong horse             h. a major player
d. par for the course           i. keep (people) onside e.horses for courses            j. heavyweight

1. Joining the European Union was supposed to guarantee a page93image13720 .............................page93image13920 page93image16320for us. But lower taxes in some continental countries still make it difficult for us to compete.

2. You've been saying Arsenal all season, but United are champions. It looks as if you ................page93image21072, this time.

3. Hello, Dolly. I haven't seen you for a while and I'm going to be in Cambridge on Thursday so I thought I might look in and .......................................page93image25496Is that convenient?

4. We can't just use one lawyer. It's page93image26592....................... page93image29392We need somebody to .................................do our own contracts of employment and a specialist to deal with the European contracts.

5. The BBC hope to become a page93image31144 ................................................in digital television.
6. Arsenal and Manchester United are still page93image34568 .................................at the top of the ................................
league with only two games to go.

7. Head Office told us we had to achieve an 8% increase. We do what they ask and, ...........................guess what, they .............................. page93image42344 page93image42544Now they want 12%.

8. The British, Americans and the French are all in agreement, but in a situation ..........................like this, everyone knows how important it is to keep the Russians 9. There is strong opposition to the policy from a number of ........................................politicians, including the former Prime Minister. 10.1 see Jeffs off ill again.

9.  Well, that's..........................., isn't it? Two Fridays every month on average.

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Note: In an informal meeting you can say: Shall we kick off by looking at this month's figures? If Tony wins an argument you can say: Game, set and match to Tony!

3: The ball's in your court

Use these expressions containing the word ball in the situations below:

a. drop the ball
b. on the ball
c. play ball
d. we're in a whole new ball game e. the ball's in your court

f. run with the ball
1. I think we should go ahead; I've done everything I promised I would, so now

2. Bob seems to know everything that's going on round here. He's page94image7688 page94image7888 page94image8088 page94image8288 page94image8488 page94image8688 page94image8888 page94image9088 page94image9288 page94image9488 page94image9688 page94image9888 page94image10088, isn't he?

3. This is a fantastic opportunity. If the sales team page94image11248 page94image11448 page94image11648 page94image11848 page94image12048 page94image12248 page94image12448 page94image12648 page94image12848 page94image13048 page94image13248 page94image13448 page94image13648, we'll make a lot of money.

4. If the Sales Director had dealt with it himself, everything would probably have been all right but he sent his assistant instead and he

5. We want to expand the business and take on more staff but we need the help of the bank and they are refusing to

6. Since the collapse of communism, there have been major changes in the political situation page94image17864 page94image18064 page94image18264 page94image18464 page94image18664 page94image18864 page94image19064 page94image19264 page94image19464 page94image19664 page94image19864 page94image20064 page94image20264 page94image20464 page94image20664in fact.

Note: If someone asks, "What's the score?" they mean, What's the present situation? It is difficult to play cricket if the pitch (wicket) is wet (sticky), so if someone talks about a sticky wicket, they mean a difficult situation.

4: Revision

Look back at the idioms in this unit and add the missing words:

1. the ball's in your page94image24440 page94image24640 page94image24840 page94image25040 page94image25240 page94image25440 page94image25640 page94image25840 page94image26040 page94image262406. touch
2. keep moving the page94image26864 page94image27064 page94image27264 page94image27464 page94image27664 page94image27864 page94image28064 page94image28264 page94image28464 page94image286647. neck and                  3.throw in the page94image29304 page94image29504 page94image29704 page94image29904 page94image30104 page94image30304 page94image30504 page94image30704 page94image30904 

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Fuente: Idioms Organiser (2002) Jon Wright
Fecha: 26/9/2016 | Creado por: Natalia
Categoria: CAE USE OF ENGLISH