Let's practise!

 

Look at this chart about the Passive Voice.

 

 

https://youtu.be/Mq1LPOC6Emg

 

 

 

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE TENSES CHART

 

SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST 
The active object becomes the passive subject. 
am/is/are +  past participle 
was/were + past participle
Active: Simple Present 
The movie fascinates me. 
The movie bores Jack. 
The movie surprises them.
Passive: Simple Present 
am fascinated by the movie. 
Jack is bored by the movie. 
They are surprised by the movie
.
Active: Simple Past 
The movie bored me. 
The movie fascinated Jack. 
The movie surprised them.
Passive: Simple Past 
was bored by the movie. 
Jack was fascinated by the movie. 
They were surprisedby the movie.

 

PRESENT and PAST CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) 
Passive form:  
am/is/are + being + past participle 
was/were + being + past participle
Active: Present Continuous 
am helping Shannon. 
June is helping Su and Ling.
 Passive: Present Continuous 
Shannon is being helped by me. 
Su and Ling are being helped by June.
Active: Past Continuous 
was cleaning the bathroom. 
They were cleaning the bedroom. 
Susan was cleaning the kitchen and patio.
Passive: Past Continuous 
The bathroom was being cleaned by me. 
The bedroom  was being cleaned by them. 
The kitchen and patio were being cleaned by Susan.

 

 

PRESENT PERFECT, PAST PERFECT and FUTURE PERFECT 
Passive form:  
have/has been + past participle 
had been + past participle
Active: Present Perfect 
have mailed the gift. 
Jack has mailed the gifts.
Passive: Present Perfect 
The gift has been mailed by me. 
The gifts have been mailed by Jack.
Active: Past Perfect 
Steven Spielberg had directed the movie. 
Penny Marshall had directed those movies.
Passive: Past Perfect 
The movie had been directed by Steven Spielberg. 
The movies had been directed by Penny Marshall.
Active: Future Perfect 
John will have finished the project next month. 
They will have finished the projects before then.
Passive: Future Perfect 
The project will have been finished by next month. 
The projects will have been finished before then.

 

 

FUTURE TENSES 
Passive forms: will + be + past participle 
is/are going to be + past participle
Active: Future with WILL 
will mail the gift. 
Jack will mail the gifts.
Passive: Future with WILL 
The gift will be mailed by me. 
The gifts will be mailed by Jack.
Active: Future with GOING TO 
am going to make the cake. 
Sue is going to make two cakes.
Passive: Future with GOING TO 
The cake is going to be made by me. 
Two cakes are going to be made by Sue.

 

 

PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS 
The passive form follows this pattern: 
modal + be + past participle
Active: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) 
Sharon will invite Tom to the party. 
Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party. 
(Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.)
Passive: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) 
Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon. 
Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon. 
(Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.)
Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) 
Mai can foretell the future. 
Terry can't foretell the future. 
(Terry can not foretell the future.)
Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) 
The future can be foretold by Mai. 
The future can't be foretold by Terry. 
(The future can not be foretold by Terry.)
Active: MAY / MAY NOT 
Her company may give Katya a new office. 
The lazy students may not do the homework. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
Her company might give Katya a new office. 
The lazy students might not do the homework.
Passive: MAY / MAY NOT 
Katya may be given a new office by her company. 
The homework may not be done by the lazy students. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
Katya might be given a new office by her company. 
The homework might not be done by the lazy students.
Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T 
Students should memorize English verbs. 
Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes.
Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T 
English verbs should be memorized  by students. 
Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked  by children.
Active: OUGHT TO 
Students ought to learn English verbs. 
(negative ought to is rarely used)
Passive: OUGHT TO 
English verbs ought to be memorized by students.
Active: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT 
Students had better practice English every day. 
Children had better not drink whiskey.
Passive: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT 
English had better be practiced every day by students. 
Whiskey had better not be drunk by children.
Active: MUST / MUST NOT 
Tourists must apply for a passport to travel abroad. 
Customers must not use that door.
Passive: MUST / MUST NOT 
A passport to travel abroad must be applied for. 
That door must not be used by customers.
Active: HAS TO / HAVE TO 
She has to practice English every day. 
Sara and Miho have to wash the dishes every day. 
DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO 
Maria doesn't have to clean her bedroom every day. 
The children don't have to clean their bedrooms every day.
Passive: HAS TO / HAVE TO 
English has to be practiced every day. 
The dishes have to be washed by them every day. 
DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO 
Her bedroom doesn't have to be cleaned every day. 
Their bedrooms don't have to be cleaned every day.
Active: BE SUPPOSED TO 
am supposed to type the composition. 
am not supposed to copy the stories in the book. 
Janet is supposed to clean the living room. 
She isn't supposed to eat candy and gum. 
They are supposed to make dinner for the family. 
They aren't supposed to make dessert.
Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO 
The composition is supposed to be typed by me. 
The stories in the book are not supposed to be copied
The living room is supposed to be cleaned by Janet. 
Candy and gum aren't supposed to be eaten by her. 
Dinner for the family is supposed to be made by them. 
Dessert isn't supposed to be made by them.

 

 

PAST MODALS 
The past passive form follows this pattern: 
modal + have been + past participle
Active: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE 
The students should have learned the verbs. 
The children shouldn't have broken the window.
Passive: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE 
The verbs should have been learned by the students. 
The window shouldn't have been broken by the children.
Active: OUGHT TO 
Students ought to have learned the verbs. 
(negative ought to is rarely used)
Passive: OUGHT TO 
The verbs ought to have been learned by the students.
Active: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) 
was supposed to type the composition. 
wasn't supposed to copy the story in the book. 
Janet was supposed to clean the living room. 
She wasn't supposed to eat candy and gum. 
Frank and Jane were supposed to make dinner. 
They weren't supposed to make dessert.
Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) 
The composition was supposed to be typed  by me. 
The story in the book wasn't supposed to be copied
The living room was supposed to be cleaned by Janet. 
Candy and gum weren't supposed to be eaten by her. 
Dinner was supposed to be made by them. 
Dessert wasn't supposed to be made by them.
Active: MAY / MAY NOT 
That firm may have offered Katya a new job. 
The students may not have written the paper. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
That firm might have offered Katya a new job. 
The students might not have written the paper.
Passive: MAY / MAY NOT 
Katya may have been offered a new job by that firm. 
The paper may not have been written by the students. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
Katya might have been offered a new job by that firm. 
The paper might not have been written by the students.

 

 
PASSIVE OF REPORTING VERBS 
 
♦ Sometimes when you are reporting what people say or believe, you don´t know, or you don´t want to say, who exactly the `people´ are. So you use an impersonal construction:
 
People believe that thousands of birds died.
 
The same idea can be expressed by using the passive in two different ways:
 
a) subject + passive of reporting verb + `to´ infinitive
Hundreds of thousands of birds are believed to have died.
 
b) It + passive of reporting verb + that + clause
It is believed that hundreds of thousands of birds died.
 
○ Some other reporting verbs that can be used in this way are:
 
calculate, claim, consider, discover, estimate, expect, feel, hope, know, prove, report, 
say, show, think, understand, etc.
 
○ With present reference, the passive is followed by the present infinitive:
 
People think that Johnson is in Cardiff.
Johnson is thought to be in Cardiff.
 
○ With past reference, the passive is followed by the past infinitive:
 
People believe that Johnson left Cardiff last month.
Johnson is believed to have left Cardiff last month.
 
○ Present and past continuous infinitives are also used:
They think that the forger is living in Florence. 
The forger is thought to be living in Florence.
People know that the suspect has been dealing with drugs.
The suspect is known to have been dealing with drugs.
 
○ Passive infinitives can also appear:
 
People believe that the portrait was painted by Vermeer.
The portrait is believed to have been painted by Vermeer.
They think that the staff are given a bonus whenever they have to work overtime.
The staff are thought to be given a bonus whenever they have to work overtime.
 
○ The reporting verb can also be past:
 
People considered the government had spent too much.
The government was considered to have paid too much
 
 

 

 

https://youtu.be/rryZEbWDO7E

 

 

Now follow this link and do the exercises.

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/passiv.htm

http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive

http://www.saberingles.com.ar/curso/lesson24/06.html

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6854

Fuente: Created by Susan Zilberstein
Fecha: 13/4/2018 | Creado por: Susana Beatriz
Categoria: Grammar Time
Etiquetas: Ort, Zilberstein, Susan, 2018, 5, Teens, Inglés, Almagro