Let's Learn Modals in the Passive Voice!

Passives with Modals

 

Use of Passive

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

Example: My bike was stolen.

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.

Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:

Example: A mistake was made.

In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).

PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS 
The passive form follows this pattern: 
modal + be + past participle
Active: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) 
Sharon will invite Tom to the party. 
Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party. 
(Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.)
Passive: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) 
Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon. 
Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon. 
(Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.)
Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) 
Mai can foretell the future. 
Terry can't foretell the future. 
(Terry can not foretell the future.)
Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) 
The future can be foretold by Mai. 
The future can't be foretold by Terry. 
(The future can not be foretold by Terry.)
Active: MAY / MAY NOT 
Her company may give Katya a new office. 
The lazy students may not do the homework. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
Her company might give Katya a new office. 
The lazy students might not do the homework.
Passive: MAY / MAY NOT 
Katya may be given a new office by her company. 
The homework may not be done by the lazy students. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
Katya might be given a new office by her company. 
The homework might not be done by the lazy students.
Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T 
Students should memorize English verbs. 
Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes.
Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T 
English verbs should be memorized  by students. 
Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked  by children.
Active: OUGHT TO 
Students ought to learn English verbs. 
(negative ought to is rarely used)
Passive: OUGHT TO 
English verbs ought to be memorized by students.
Active: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT 
Students had better practice English every day. 
Children had better not drink whiskey.
Passive: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT 
English had better be practiced every day by students. 
Whiskey had better not be drunk by children.
Active: MUST / MUST NOT 
Tourists must apply for a passport to travel abroad. 
Customers must not use that door.
Passive: MUST / MUST NOT 
A passport to travel abroad must be applied for. 
That door must not be used by customers.
Active: HAS TO / HAVE TO 
She has to practice English every day. 
Sara and Miho have to wash the dishes every day. 
DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO 
Maria doesn't have to clean her bedroom every day. 
The children don't have to clean their bedrooms every day.
Passive: HAS TO / HAVE TO 
English has to be practiced every day. 
The dishes have to be washed by them every day. 
DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO 
Her bedroom doesn't have to be cleaned every day. 
Their bedrooms don't have to be cleaned every day.
Active: BE SUPPOSED TO 
am supposed to type the composition. 
am not supposed to copy the stories in the book. 
Janet is supposed to clean the living room. 
She isn't supposed to eat candy and gum. 
They are supposed to make dinner for the family. 
They aren't supposed to make dessert.
Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO 
The composition is supposed to be typed by me. 
The stories in the book are not supposed to be copied
The living room is supposed to be cleaned by Janet. 
Candy and gum aren't supposed to be eaten by her. 
Dinner for the family is supposed to be made by them. 
Dessert isn't supposed to be made by them.

 

 

PAST MODALS 
The past passive form follows this pattern: 
modal + have been + past participle
Active: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE 
The students should have learned the verbs. 
The children shouldn't have broken the window.
Passive: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE 
The verbs should have been learned by the students. 
The window shouldn't have been broken by the children.
Active: OUGHT TO 
Students ought to have learned the verbs. 
(negative ought to is rarely used)
Passive: OUGHT TO 
The verbs ought to have been learned by the students.
Active: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) 
was supposed to type the composition. 
wasn't supposed to copy the story in the book. 
Janet was supposed to clean the living room. 
She wasn't supposed to eat candy and gum. 
Frank and Jane were supposed to make dinner. 
They weren't supposed to make dessert.
Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) 
The composition was supposed to be typed  by me. 
The story in the book wasn't supposed to be copied
The living room was supposed to be cleaned by Janet. 
Candy and gum weren't supposed to be eaten by her. 
Dinner was supposed to be made by them. 
Dessert wasn't supposed to be made by them.
Active: MAY / MAY NOT 
That firm may have offered Katya a new job. 
The students may not have written the paper. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
That firm might have offered Katya a new job. 
The students might not have written the paper.
Passive: MAY / MAY NOT 
Katya may have been offered a new job by that firm. 
The paper may not have been written by the students. 
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT 
Katya might have been offered a new job by that firm. 
The paper might not have been written by the students.

 

Follow these links and do the exercises:

https://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/490/grammar/passives-modals1.htm

https://www.grammarbank.com/passives-with-modals.html

 

 

 

Fuente: Created by Susan Zilberstein
Fecha: 6/11/2018 | Creado por: Susana Beatriz
Categoria: Game Time 2013
Etiquetas: Almagro, Inglés, Teens 5, 2018, Susan, Zilberstein